지역사회공헌Social Contribution

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The Open Book of Social Innovation
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제목The Open Book of Social Innovation
저자Robin Murray, Julie Caulier-Grice, Geoff Mulgan
발행기관The Young Foundation, NESTA
발행연도2010
URLhttps://youngfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/The-Open-Book-of-Social-Innovationg.pdf




To structure the many methods we’ve collected we look at them through three different lenses: 


In Part 1 of this book, we look at the processes of innovation. We describe the stages of innovation as spreading outwards from prompts and ideas to scale and growth. Some innovations do develop in this linear way, and we find this framework useful for thinking more rigorously about methods. But many do not develop in a purely linear fashion: some go quickly to scale and then have to adapt fast in the light of experience; often, the end use of an innovation will be very different from the one that was originally envisaged; sometimes action precedes understanding and sometimes taking action crystallises the idea. And always there is an iterative circling back as new insights change the nature of the innovation. Nevertheless, these processes do indicate a trend in the development of an innovation and we hope that the spiral model can provide a common language for thinking about how to support innovation more systematically. 

In Part 2, we look at the key institutions which help to make innovation happen: funds, agencies, brokers, incubators, and intermediaries. In the social field these institutions remain much less developed than in other fields. But they are multiplying rapidly, and bringing new lessons in how best to link ideas with their best applications. 

In Part 3, we look at the enabling conditions for innovation, including those within each economy: the public sector, the grant economy of civil society, the private sector, and the household. Some of these conditions are about structures and laws, others are about cultures. 

This book is a work in progress. It is very much a snapshot, designed to encourage further contributions. The methods for social innovation should be a common property, and should evolve through shared learning. Social innovations often struggle against the odds – all of our chances of success will increase if we can share our experiences and quickly reflect on what works and what doesn’t.

(출처=Introduction)